TESOL

What is TESOL?

 

TESOL stands for "Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages"

There are two forms of TESOL:

  • TESOL as a training program to teach English to speakers of other languages (in the U.S. or abroad)
  • TESOL as a professional organization

TESOL Teacher Career 

 

While the main role of the TESOL Teacher is to provide students with English instruction, they also have a number of preparatory duties in addition to work in a classroom setting. They must prepare lesson plans and activities, develop evaluative tests and exercises, and source or prepare language resources. In addition, they must often adapt their lessons according to the needs of individual students.

TESOL Teachers must have a very good grasp of all aspects of the English language, including grammar, punctuation and pronunciation. They should have excellent:

  •  interpersonal
  • communication
  • listening skills
  • confidence
  • patience
  • tact

Cultural sensitivity and awareness are also important qualities, as TESOL Teachers spend much of their working life in non-English-speaking countries.

History of TESOL program & development

TESOL is an acronym used to describe the field of Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. Throughout the history of language teaching, we have used numerous terms to describe the field such as:

* TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language)
* TESL (Teaching English as a Second Language)
* TEAL (Teaching English as an Additional Language) and several other terms.

However, the field as a whole has never been able to agree upon one single term to describe our profession. In practice, there is essentially no difference between TESOL, TEFL, or TESL. All of these terms are used to describe the teaching of English to non-native speakers of the English language.

information found at:
http://www.anaheim.edu/content/view/475/222/

TESOL Mission Statement

The mission of Ohio TESOL, an affiliate of TESOL, is to develop the professional expertise of its members and others involved in educating those learners for whom English is a non-native language by:

  • advocating for the TESOL profession at the local, state and federal levels;
  • promoting professional development;
  • acting as a resource in the dissemination of information;
  • improving standards for high-quality instruction;
  • promoting better employment conditions;
  • encouraging opportunities for networking, interaction, leadership and research; and
  • promoting respect for the language rights and culture of all people.

source from: http://www.ohiotesol.org/

Laws that promote TESOL and Bilingual Education

 

Below is a document that provides an overview of programs and changes included in the U.S. No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 as related to English language professionals in the United States.

One section, Title VII specifically focuses on bilingual education:

Title VII: Bilingual Education, Language Enhancement and Language Acquisition Programs

Part A covers bilingual education, which consists of four subparts:

1. capacity and demonstration grants to LEAs, IHEs, and community-based organizations (including program development and implementation grants, program enhancement projects, comprehensive school grants, and systemwide improvements)
2. research, evaluation, and dissemination, including the national clearinghouse and instructional materials
3. professional development
4. transition limiting the grants to 3 years
Part B is the Foreign Language Assistance Program, of which Section 7205, the elementary school foreign language incentive program, has never been funded.

Part C is the Emergency Immigrant Education Program to assist LEAs "that experience unexpectedly large increases in their student population due to immigration."

source: http://www.tesol.org/s_tesol/sec_document.asp?CID=239&DID=147