Classroom Design

The physical design of your classroom is important, because it is a reflection of you as a teacher. It is important to be organized, effective, and efficient, thus creating a great working environment for your students. The following links contain some sample floor plans and tips for maximizing the space within your classroom.

Classroom Design  

- Center the design around what you need to accomplish 
 

- Work with the space given to you and be creative, find out if there are extra bookcases or tables in school storage available for your use
 

- It is important to ensure that all students have access to the materials they will need, through designating drawers or bookshelves to materials frequently used. 
 

- Encourage students to display their projects around the room. 
 

- Hang projects from the ceiling or on the walls - this will make them feel welcome in the room
 

- Use floor coverings or carpets of various textures to distinguish areas of the classroom.  

Desk Layout  

- Students should be able to see the front of the room and any blackboards, overheads, or TVs, which are being used 
 

- For many new teachers, it is important that the students should be able to face the teacher at all times during instruction, to help with classroom management. 
 

- Stand or sit in different points in the room to "test out" the student's point of view from that area, before the student's arrive 

The Importance of Interior Design Elements as they Relate to Student Outcomes:  

            This is a research report , by C. Kenneth Tanner and Ann Langford, which focuses on the influence of a school's physical structure on the students. 

 Elementary School 

An elementary school classroom could contain learning centers for the various subjects, desks grouped into 4 or 5, and room for movement. The room could also contain bulletin boards decorated according to subject or station.  

- Grades 4-6 might also have monthly and birthday bulletin boards 
 

- Students should have a place to call their own, which should include a cubby, coat rack, or desk where they can store their materials.
 

- Incorporate Learning Centers, which can be distinguished through carpets, bookcases, computers, and tables 

Middle School  

A middle school classroom could contain desks or tables in rows for versatility, bulletin boards which are decorated by the students, plenty of bookcase space for materials.  

- Students can help design and update bulletin boards. 
 

- Include bookcase or shelf space for materials, including student binders or supplies needed. 
 

- Every classroom should have a reading center, even if it is not language arts. Include some books which center around your subject. 
 

- Students should have a desk assigned to them in each class, as well as a locker, most likely located in the hallway. 
 

Sample Classroom Design

  • This is a sample design of a classroom, including a reading center, computer center, desk placement, and many other features.