Every teacher will encounter some problems even with the most well devised classroom management plan. There are many different techniques that teachers can use to maintain control of the classroom before problems get out of hand. Teachers need to be sure to have all students focusing before beginning any lesson. Teachers should use direct instruction when necessary to be sure that all students understand what is needed and expected of a lesson. Monitoring is very important. This means that the teacher needs to circulate around the classroom - a lot. Make the rounds and check in with students. Help get those off-task back to the lesson. This helps teachers maintain control.
Non-verbal cuing does work. Some teachers use a bell, or a clicker, or even turning out the lights to get student attention back.. Misbehavior should be dealt with in ways that effective and that avoid unnecessary disruptions. Once rules and procedures for behavior are established, teachers need to establish what will happen when rules are not followed and teachers need to be consistent with their responses. Responses can range from mild, such as nonverbal response; help getting back on task, close proximity. More moderate responses may include punitive responses such as removing stimulus or employing logical consequences. Stronger responses may be needed if moderate responses are insufficient. They include aversive stimuli such as reprimands and over correction. If all efforts fail then teachers may need to get others involved.
Additional Information Sites
The IRS Home Behavior Management Plan
THE 10-R TECHNIQUE
How to wean kids away from wanting to be rewarded with "things"
Self Monitoring of Behavior