Intersectionalities and disabilities

 

What is Intersectionality?

Intersectionality is the overlap of identities or social categories in people. This portion talks about the intersectionality between disabilities and other identities.

 

Race:

Overrepresentation in Special Education

In this St. John Fisher College paper by Kelly Kreskow, Kelly talks about overrepresentation in the special education system: she mainly talks about racial minorities. Students of color, specifically African American, are more likely to be identified in a special education classroom.

Race, poverty and interpreting overrepresentation in special education

In this Brookings article by Nora Gordon, Nora talks about how African American male students are more likely to be diagnosed with severe behavioral disorders. She talks about how there is not ‘right’ level of representation, however, in order to know reporting must be done with a critical eye.

5 things know racial ethnic disparities special education

Kristen Harper talks about how black students are 40 percent more likely and American Indians are 70 percent more likely to be identified as having disabilities. Students of color with disabilities are more likely to experience segregation in special education and are more likely to get suspended. The IDEA portions that address racial and ethnic disparities are frequently underused and there is now a law to make sure the disproportionality are fixes.

Special-education-black-minority-students-research

  This article talks about public schools are more likely to identify a student who is struggling in an academic setting as disabled. Female students from low-income or ELL households are less likely to be identified as disabled.

 Class:

Disability Is a Cause and Consequence of Poverty

People in poverty have limited access to health care and preventative services. Poverty increases the chances of a person living and working in an environment that may affect their health. People with disabilities are almost twice as likely to have savings in case an unexpected expense comes up. 28.4 percent of working-age people with disabilities are at or below the poverty rate, compared to the 12.4 percent that are without disabilities.

APA Disability & Socioeconomic Status

The American Psychological Association put out this article about disabilities and their link to socioeconomic status. This article talks about the connection that low income and privileges affect the disabilities community. Poverty is not a specific, single factor but a psychosocial and physical stressor.

Gender:

Exclusion of Gender Dysphoria

In 2017, the National Center for Transgender Equality put out an article about how gender dysphoria, a condition that many trans humans have, was ruled to be covered by the American with Disabilities Act(ADA). Gender dysphoria was not ruled as a disability, but a condition that can be covered when talking about discrimination.

Health of those with disabilities and gender identity

This article from the Disability Rights Education and Defence Fund from 2018, they put out that people with disabilities are four times more likely to report that their health is poor or fair. People with disabilities and transgender people are more likely to report poor health, with transgender people reporting it about 22% of the time.

Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation

Cheryl Bedard, Hui Lan Zhang, and Kenneth J. Zucker report in this paper from 2010 that out of a 32 person sample of people who have developmental disabilities, they compared gender identity and their disabilities and there is no real correlation. However, 9.7% of the people sampled identified as bisexual or questioning and 3.2% reported being interested in same sex partners.

Homelessness:

Homeless Children with Disabilities in America

This article from 2012 talks about the causes of homelessness in America and how over 20% of children who are homeless between the ages of 3 and 6 experience mental health and emotional issues. Less than a third of homeless children receive mental health treatment, while half the states in America report that the homeless children experience difficulties with getting or receiving any form of special education.

Getting Help Fast for Disabled, Homeless Students Isn't Easy

More than 1.3 million public school children have been homeless at some point during the 2015-2016 school year. 18 percent of those children who experienced that homelessness were students with disabilities. This article talks about what states have the highest and lowest percentages of homeless students with disabilities.

 

 

 

 

 

Faith Hackworth - Spring 2019 

 

 

 

 

 

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