The Importance of Parental Engagement in the Early Age



The Importance of Parental Engagement in the Early Childhood Age 






Parent involvement at an early age helps bridge the relationship between home and school, and creates a positive experience for children. Research has shown there is a positive relationship between parental involvement and a child's academic success. 







  1. Students achieve more, regardless of socio-economic status, enthic/racial background or the parents' education level.
  2. Students have higher grades and test scores, better attendance, and complete homework more consistantly. 
  3. Students have higher graduation rates and greater enrollment rates in post-secondary education.
  4. Educators hold higher expectations of students whose parents collaborate with the teacher. 
  5. Student acheivement for disadvantaged children not only improves, but can also reach levels that are standard for middle-class childre. In addition the children who are farthest behind make the greatest gains.
  6. Children from diverse cultural background perform better when parents and professionals collaborate to bridge the gap between the culture at home and at the learning institution
  7. Students will keep pace with academic with academic performance if their parents participate in school events, develop a working relationship with educators, and keep up with what is happening with their child's school

Epstein's Six Types of Parental Involvement

  1. Parenting
  2. Communicating
  3. Volunteering
  4. Learning at home
  5. Decision-making
  6. Collaborating with community 



Trends in Parent Involvement in Schools From 1996-2012  

  1. Parents have higher rates of attendance at school meetings, conferences, and events, and of volunteering in their child’s school, when their child is in elementary or middle school. 
  2. Parents of non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander, and Hispanic students had lower rates of attendance at general meetings or school events, or of volunteering their time, relative to parents of non-Hispanic white students.
  3. Parents with higher levels of education have higher rates of involvement in their children’s schools.
  4. Parents of students living in households with income at or above the federal poverty level (FPL) have higher rates of involvement in school activities than those in households below the FPL.
  5. Parents who do not speak English at home have lower rates of attendance at general school meetings, parent-teacher conferences, or school or class events, relative to English-speaking parents; and lower rates of volunteering or serving on a committee.
















Best Practices:

  1. Create a welcoming school climate

  2. Provide families information related to child development and creating supportive learning environments

  3. Establish effective school-to-home and home-to-school communication

  4. Strengthen families' knowledge and skills to support and extend their children's learning at home and in the community

  5. Engage families in school planning, leadership and meaningful volunteer opportunities

  6. Connect student and families to community resources that strengthen and support students' learning and well-being.

Resources for more tips and strategies:

This resource provide specific models and resources to support family and community engagement from the Ohio Department of Education.

The National Education Association provides ten ideas for engaging parents.

This resource focuses on high-poverty schools and provides tips on how to engage the family and community.

This website serves as a resource for parents on five ways to engage in their student's learning.

This source provides three strategies on how to involve parents in children education.



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