Diagnosing Anxiety and Depression in Young Children and its Impact on Instruction, Socialization, and Classroom Engagement

Depression and Anxiety are two of the most prominent mental illnesses in schools. While there is a large focus on these illnesses in Middle Childhood and Adolescent Young Adult Education, little is done or known about the impact of depression and anxiety on our youngest children. Depression is an illness that impacts that way one feels, thinks, and acts by causing feelings of sadness and a loss of interest in activities that were previously enjoyed. Anxiety is characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and changes in physical symptoms. Because depression and anxiety have an impact on the way people think, act, and feel, there is a profound impact on the way students are impacted socially and academically at an early age.



This link lists and describes the symptoms of Depression and Anxiety in young children based on the findings of the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA)- Depression Symptoms in Children

The NHS UK includes information on what makes children anxious, why it is a problem, the signs, and how to help children cope with their anxiety.  - NHS UK

Bright Futures is a leading resource in childhood Depression and Anxiety. Key facts, symptoms, and descriptions of the various types of anixety diagnoisis.- Bright Futures

Understood has a Anxiety Checklist that is used by pediatricians and school psychologists to find if a child is exhibiting signs of anxiety. The language is easy to understand and can be used by parents at home as well. - Understood.org

A key component of diagnosing of anxiety is recognizing physical, emotional, and behaviorial signs of anxiety disorders. This resource gives examples of all of these things and adequate descriptions. - Understood.org Article



The Food and Drug Adminstration released an article urging parents to not let childhood depression go untreated. This resource provides examples of how depression is treatable and how children can get proper care to help overcome and heal from this mental illness. - Food and Drug Administration


This resource is specifically for parents and caregivers. It gives various tips of what parents and family members can do to help manage their child's anxiety disorder. - ADAA


This resource from ADAA gives tips, especially for older children, of how to self-regulate and calm down in cases of both depression and anxiety. There are also general fitness tips to stay healthy and manage stress. - ADAA



Teacher Tools

We are Teachers is a blog that lists seven (7) ways to help students with anxiety. This page also contains many more links to other sources of coping with anxiety as both a student and an educator. - We Are Teachers


Indiana University at Bloomington has a plethora of resources on special needs students. Specifically, this following resource gives various ideas of how to reduce overall classroom anxiety. - Indiana University


Anxiety is a prominent mental illness that impacts young children as well as adolescents. Health Central provides 20 Classroom Interventions that can help students of any age be successful and comfortable in the classroom. - Health Central


The Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development provides intervention tactics for students with depression. While depression impacts young students, little research has been done to help these students become more successful in the classroom. The following link gives classroom teachers tips to help identify depression and give strategies to help these students become more successful in the classsroom. - Educational Leadership

KidsMatter looks at depression in Early Childhood aged students and gives suggestions for all school staff members instead of just teachers. Each of their key ideas is followed by links that allow for more information and give examples of how to properly implement these interventions and programs. - KidsMatter



Impact on Academic and Social Performance

The National Association of School Psychologists have dedicated research to supporting students with depression in schools. This academic article explains the impact depression has on students both academically and socially. - Depression: Supporting Students at School - National Association of …


The University Missouri investigates childhood depression and looks at how schools should rethink their role in this mental illness. This scholarly article looks at the diagnosis of childhood depression, the influences of school on depression, and the role of teachers in this process. - University of Missouri Research


The Huffington Post focuses more on the academic impacts of depression on adolescent students. However, the impacts can be seen throughout students of any age and recognizing the signs can help teachers provide appropraite interventions. - Huffington Post


Anxiety impacts 1 in 8 students and is considered a hidden disability. The Huffington Post looks at how anxiety can impact both academic and behavioral performances in students in the classroom. - Huffington Post


The Children's Anxiety Institute provides a source that specifically looks at the social impact of anxiety on students. This resource provides examples of specfic anxiety diagnosis as well as ways for students to cope with stress. - Children with Anxiety


Academic Research on Childhood Depression

The American Family Physicians Organization released a student at the AAFP 2000 Annual Clinical that looks at the impact of depression in both children and adolescents. This academic article provides in depth research of why acknowledging depression at a young age is important and should be properly diagnoised and treated. - Focus on Mental Health

The University of Mississippi Medical Center released a scholarly article about the importance of and the different types of treatment for depression. It gives both the positive impacts and the risks of different types of depression treatment plans.- Treatment

Evidence-Based Treatment Interventions from the National Institutes of Health are publsihed in the US National Library of Medicine. This examines pediatric depredssion and treatments that are evidence-based. -US National Library of Medicine


Depression Self Checklist




Depression Parent/Educator Checklist