The Impact of Parent Involvement in Education

The Impact of Parent Involvement Across Diverse Families

Aaryn Workman & Katie Marzheuser



















Parents have a large impact on their child's academic success.  Research has proven that when parents are more involved with their student's learning, the student is more likely to succeed.  There are many barriers that may hinder a strong parent involvement in their student's learning.  The information following with describe parent involvement across, different SES, grade levels, ELL families, as well as tips for teachers on how to more efficiently encourage parental involvement in the classroom.






Parent Involvement in Different

SES Classes

  1. Children coming from low-income communities with less involved parents are less likely to receive the benefits from academics that children from high income homes have.

  2. Hidden rules developed by low SES students

    1. Stereotypes

    2. What’s expected

  3. Rather than blame children for one’s up bringing, schools looking to assist these children through educational resources

  4. Teachers can help by:

    1. Bringing the families into the school building

      1. Giving them the chance to see what the child sees

     b.  Developing a very clear home life understanding

     c. Invite the community and local agencies into the school setting

     d. Not all parents are going to be connected to the school.

    i.     Accept with no judgements


Parent Involvement in Different Grade Levels

  1. More common in primary/elementary grade

  2. Majority of research on PI done in primary grades

  3. Middle and High School typical parent involvement

  1. Parents monitoring homework, helping students make postsecondary plans and select courses which support these plans, parent-school agreements on rewards for achievement and behavioral improvements

  2. Standby" functions, such as regular home-school communication about students' progress and parent attendance at school-sponsored activities


Parent Involvement with ELL Families

  1. School based barriers

  1. Deficit perspective

  2. Unidirectional approach to parental involvement

  3. Negative school climate.

                 2.  Lack of English language proficiency

  1. All written materials sent out to parents should be in the home language and English

  2. Bilingual staff should be available to speak with parents when they come to school

  3. Interpreters should be provided at meetings and events.

  3. Parental educational level

  4. Disjunctures between school culture and home culture

  1. Acknowledge parents’ cultural values and view them as strengths incorporating them into the school curriculum.

  5.       Logistical issues


Activities to Promote Parent Involvement

  1. Build a bridge

  1. First contact is a positive one.

  2. Communicate using personable language.  Avoid education jargon.

  3. Ensure parents have access to information about their child’s school.

  4. Create dialogue that is conducive for sharing concerns.

  5. Make yourself available. Be conscious of parent work schedules.

  6. Accommodate language and cultural differences.

2. Put out the welcome mat

  1. Create environment that supports and welcomes family involvement.

  2. Provide families with student learning objectives.

  3. Work with families to set goals for the student.

  4. Give families opportunities to volunteer in the classroom.

  5. Maintain frequent communication.  Set goals for how often you will contact each parent.

3. Resources to send home:

  1. In September: As a Parent, I Promise

  2. In October: Coping With High-Stakes Tests

  3. In November: How to Make Parent-Teacher Conferences Work for Your Child

  4. In December: Help Your Student Get the Most Out of Homework

  5. In January: A Grade By Grade Guide to What Your Child Should Be Learning in School.

  6. In February: Parent Involvement = Student Success

  7. In March: Education World's Tips for Involved Parents

  8. In April: 10 Tips for a Successful Parent-Teacher Conference

  9. In May: 8 Ways Parents Can Promote Reading at Home








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