Blended Learning

Blended Learning Questions

 

1. What is the definition of blended learning? 

Blended learning is, "A formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online learning with some element of student control over time, place, path, and/or pace and at least in part at a supervised brick-and-mortar location away from home. The modalities along each student’s learning path within a course or subject are connected to provide an integrated learning experience."

www.inacol.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/iNACOL_Blended-Learning-The-Evolution-of-Online-And-Face-to-Face-Education-from-2008-2015.pdf

There are four types of blended learning;

1. Rotation Model

There is rotation on a fixed schedule. Four types of stations; station, lab, flipped classroom, and individual.

2. Flex Model

Individually cosyomized, fluid schedule.

3. Self Blend Model

Some courses are completely online

4. Enriched Virtual

Can be at school or offsite

www.christenseninstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Classifying-K-12-blended-learning.pdf 

Here is a video further explaining blended learning:

 www.coursera.org/learn/blended-learning/lecture/WNPOm/definition-of-blended-learning

2. What is the history of blended learning implementations?

Blended learning history shares its' beginnings with distance learnings. Below we use informaation from the website www.worldwidelearn.com/education-articles/history-of-distance-learning.html to discuss the history of distance learning.

In the early days of distance education, letter writing was the most widely accessible technology. In 1873, the first correspondence schools in the United States were founded, called The Society to Encourage Studies at Home. Shortly thereafter, in 1892, the University of Chicago began offering correspondence courses, becoming the first traditional educational institution in the U.S. to do so. By 1922, the technology of radio broadcasting had become a viable means of transmitting information. Pennsylvania State College took advantage of this by broadcasting courses over the radio. Soon after, in 1925, the State University of Iowa began offering course credit for five radio broadcast courses.
By 1953, broadcast television was becoming more prevalent, and the University of Houston responded by offering televised college classes for credit. Although the telephone was a long-established technology, the University of Wisconsin began a statewide educational program for physicians using a phone-based format in 1965. By 1968 one could obtain an accredited high school diploma via distance education from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's Independent Study High School. As early as 1976, the first "virtual college" with no physical campus was in operation. This virtual college, called Coastline Community College, offered a wide variety of telecourses. In 1981 the Western Behavioral Sciences Institute's School of Management and Strategic Studies started an online program. Not all computer-based learning centers were taking advantage of internet technology. In 1982, the Computer Assisted Learning Center in New Hampshire functioned as an offline adult education facility. By 1985, Nova Southeastern University was offering accredited graduate degrees through online courses. In 1989, The University of Phoenix online campus was launched. The Jones International University became the first accredited fully web-based university in 1996. Blackboard Inc., founded in 1997, developed a standardized platform for course management and delivery that enabled many more institutions to come online. The 2000s led to an explosion in the development and use of online technologies to deliver educational content. Access to the Internet continues to become more widely available and new platforms are still being developed. As a result, the number of distance learning universities is expected to grow, is are the number of traditional universities making use of online technology. In 2000, CourseNotes.com launched at UT Austin. It offered many of the same features as Blackboard. In 2005, YouTube launched, and by 2009, YouTube EDU offered thousands of free lectures online. In 2006, iTunes U began offering lectures for download. In 2013, the first online-only public university in the United States, UF Online, was announced for launch in 2014.

Below we use www.inacol.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/iNACOL_Blended-Learning-The-Evolution-of-Online-And-Face-to-Face-Education-from-2008-2015.pdf to talk about blended learning history.

Online learning has evolved from web-based, distance learning programs and has come to represent the leading edge
in rethinking course design and personalized instruction using digital content and innovative tools for instructional
delivery. This is evidenced today by expanded access to courses, content, and innovative instructional practices.
Online learning harnesses technology to transform what is possible in teaching and learning.

In recent years, teachers in traditional schools have adapted their classrooms to represent the connected world in
which they and their students live. Web-based content and resources are increasingly supplementing textbooks. New
tools enable efficient communication and timely feedback. Collaboration and learning extend beyond the four walls
of the classroom. Driving the early stage of this evolution, a small number of tech-savvy teachers and technology
coordinators sought new ways to provide enriching and engaging content, and to extend learning beyond the
walls of the school building and the confines of the school day. Initial results garnered the attention of districts and
charter management organizations that sought to make blended learning options available to students across the
country.

Blended learning models, developed from early experimentation, place the student at the center of the learning
process, harnessing the power of technology to create more engaging, efficient, and success-oriented learning
environments. In these models, educators quickly identify gaps in learning and differentiate instruction to ensure
that failure is not an option. Strong student supports, bolstered by teachers employing technology to transform
learning, create powerful next generation learning models that prepare students for success. Emerging models in
other countries, such as Singapore and Australia, as well as in higher education, suggest that a large part of the future
of education will involve blended learning instructional models offering content, resources, and data-driven teaching
both digitally and face-to-face. Over the past decade, we have seen this trend take shape as more schools opt for a
blended approach to harness what is possible, optimizing their instructional model for student success.

3. What are the benefits and advantages of blended learning? Disadvantages?

 Advantages

Online learning saves time, money, and the environment.

Online learning is portable.

Online learning is costomizable and can be real-time.

Watch the video below to see the e-learning revolution.

youtu.be/dlJshzOv2cw

Here is an article on blended learning advantages-

www.edweek.org/media/12-1-10_digital_learning_now_report.pdf

Disadvantages

There are still some technology gaps.

Policy makers can harm these programs.

Here is an article on some struggles that blended learning encounters-

www.forbes.com/sites/michaelhorn/2011/01/27/the-rise-of-k-12-blended-learning/

 

Blended Larning in Action 

 

1. Examples of implentations.

P.K. Yonge Developmental Research School uses a school-wide approach to blended learning that allows teachers the flexibility to define and implement online instruction that meets their students needs. See the video below.

www.youtube.com/watch

Rotation Model- New York’s Randolph Central School District
“We use blended learning for all students in several grades...decades of mediocrity provided the control group data. Our program has increased our test scores and improved the ranking of our elementary school among schools in western New York. The changes and improvements would not have been possible without implementing blended learning.”
– Kimberly Moritz, Superintendent, Randolph Central School District

Station Rotation Model- Pennsylvania’s Spring City Elementary Hybrid Learning School
“The engagement of the student with the teacher is still the most important thing that we can provide to them instructionally." 
– Dr. Keith Floyd, Director of Curriculum and Instruction, Spring-Ford Area School District

Individual Rotation Model- Michigan’s Nolan’s Elementary-Middle School

Flex Model- Utah’s Salt Lake City School District
“Students had told us that they are leaving school because they are bored. Why are they bored? Because they are not engaged. The typical classroom and school is not what they want. We asked them what interests them, and they told us that they want more control, more flexibility, more access to teachers. So we created a school to give them these things. We don’t have bells because there’s no need for them. Scheduling bells are a system to tell students where to be. Our students decide for themselves where they need to be.”
– Kenneth Grover, Principal, Innovations Early College High School

A La Carte/ Self Blend Model- Washington’s Spokane’s Public Schools
“Blended learning is a natural next step to help all students to be able to learn at their own pace and to get the assistance that they need, just in time, right when they are needing it.”
– Kristin Whiteaker, Director, Spokane Virtual and Blended Learning

Enriched Virtual Model- Pennsylvania's Commonwealth Connections Academy

2. Resources for blended learning.

A comprehensive introduction on blended learning

Article: www.inacol.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/iNACOL_Blended-Learning-The-Evolution-of-Online-And-Face-to-Face-Education-from-2008-2015.pdf

Video: https://www.coursera.org/learn/blended-learning/lecture/WNPOm/definition-of-blended-learning

An introduction on four models of blended learning: www.christenseninstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Classifying-K-12-blended-learning.pdf 

History of distance learning: www.worldwidelearn.com/education-articles/history-of-distance-learning.html

The e-learning revolution: youtu.be/dlJshzOv2cw

Advantages of blended learning: www.edweek.org/media/12-1-10_digital_learning_now_report.pdf

Struggles blended learning faces: www.forbes.com/sites/michaelhorn/2011/01/27/the-rise-of-k-12-blended-learning/

An example of how blended learning being implemented in P.K. Yonge Developmental Research School:

www.youtube.com/watch

 

 

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