Speech Disorders

A speech disorder is defined as  a problem with fluency, voice, and/or how a person says speech sounds.

Speech disorders can be placed into three different categories. Some children may be diagnosed with a disability or disorder that effects multiple components of speech.

  • Fluency- a fluency disorder is where there is an interruption in the flow or rhythm of speech. There can be hesitations, repetitions, promolgations of sounds, syllables, words, or phrases. Some examples of fluency dirorders include:
  • Articulation- a person with an articulation disorder has difficulty in the way sounds are formed and strong together. Some characteristics of speech for someone with articulation disorders include substituting one sound for another (wabbit for rabbit), omitting a sound (han for hand), and distorting a sound (ship for sip). Some examples of articulation disorders include:
  • Voice- A person with a voice disorder may have inappropriate pitch (too high, too low, never changing, or interruptes by breaks). The quality of speech may be poor (harsh, hoarse, breathy, or nasal). The volume of speech may be skewed (loudness) and duration can be a factor for poor speech. Some exampled of voice disorders include:

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Information Gathered by Sydney Weldon and Caitlin Weir- Spring 2014